We enjoy home gardening but we don’t care so much for the bugs we find trying to munch down on our veggies.
Garden bugs can be a serious problem for many home gardeners. Many types of pests can easily damage any plants. For a few bugs it will only take a couple of hours!
We’re going to look at some of the most common vegetable garden bugs.
We will also check out how to identify them from other bugs, and a way to get of eliminating them.
Garden Pest: Aphids
This garden pest, the Aphid is one of the most common pest in most vegetable gardens. You will usually spot bunches of these tiny almost transparent bodied insects in various colours.
They might be gray or black.
To Rid Your Vegetable Garden of Aphids
- For most people, they find the Aphids and destroy them manually by removing and destroying the leaf they are on. If the entire plant is infested you can pick them off and get rid of them.
- One method for getting rid of Aphids is to use Neem Oil or insecticidal soap.
- My favourite method for getting rid of Aphids and other pests in your vegetable garden is by using Lady Bugs.
Garden Pest: Beetles
There are a number of beetles that can munch on your vegetable gardens. There are specialized beetles for individual kinds of veggies, like potato beetles. There are a lot of beetles which means you may have to look up your specific beetle to find the best way to get rid of them.
Beetles are can be quite the pain for your plant leaves as they can do a lot of damage in a short time making it really important to get rid of them immediately.
You can pick beetles off by hand if you have a small garden. However if you’re looking at too many to hand pick then you can spray your plants with an insecticide that poisons them.
Garden Pest: Borers
I didn’t know anything about borers until I noticed one of my zucchinni plants not doing so well. Upon closer inspection I noticed a split in the main stalk showing part of a fat little pest. I first noticed it wasn’t growing as fast as the other squash and then I noticed the leaves wilting even while the ground was moist. I knew something was a foot. You have to cut the borers out of the plants. If the borer is found at the base, you’ll have to destroy the whole plant. You can use insecticide to try to prevent these.
Garden Pest: Grubs
I thought the frost had killed off or damaged most of my strawberries last year plus we had a wicked winter so I decided to transplant the remaining plants to the south side of the property. That’s when I discovered there were a lot of big white hungry looking grubs. I sifted through each shovel full of dirt and killed all I could find. It was quick and I am sure they didn’t suffer as my foot stomped on them.
Beetle grubs can be controlled with a few soil treatments using milky spore. As they continue feeding on the roots and vegetable matter in your garden soil they will take in some milky spores which will do them in over time. It works slow and slower as temperatures drop. The spore will germinate and increase in their blood. This process continues until the grub just can’t survive.
Garden Pest: Cutworms
The easiest way of knowing you have cutworm problems is when you see they have cut your plants off at ground level. Very annoying. Really about the only way to control these guys is to find them first and stomp on them or you can put a protective layer between the stem and the muncher. Put it about an inch above and below the surface. They will be looking for you tomatoes, peppers and cabbages.
Garden Pest: Corn Earworm
Corn earworms like to surprise vegetable gardener by eating the kernels right off the cob so yet end up with a shrivelled up corn husk.
You can use a drop or two of corn oil or mineral oil on the tip of the ear of corn. Also be sure to destroy the entire plants at the end of the year. Don’t leave any part in the ground.
Garden Pest: Slugs
Slugs and snails leave nasty slime trails on plants and eat plant leaves. They are especially destructive to cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, turnips, and carrots. You can buy bait to kill them, but placing a shallow pan of beer in your garden should attract them and drown them.
Garden Pest: Tomato Hornworm
Tomato hornworms are one of the scariest looking garden pests. They eat the leaves and fruits of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. They are large, fat, green and white worms that look like caterpillars.
Because they have rather large horns they look scary so I wear gloves while picking them off my plants. I tend to stomp on them but you can also put them in soapy water where they will drown. I think it’s quicker to step on them. You could use neem oil on them as well.